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The difficulty of the interview centers around two facts. First, interviews are relatively brief … 20, 30, maybe 60 minutes for you to “sell” your ability to be the person to fill the job. Second, interviews are basically “scripted” encounters with pre-defined roles … and you hold the less powerful role (after all, they have the job and you don’t).
You do hold an ace card, though. Always remember that if the company is interviewing, they want to fill the job. So, use their need to your advantage … prepare to manage a brief encounter in a way that convinces the interviewer of the following three facts, what we at Good Day’s call the “Holy Trinity of the Job Seeker”:
- You can do the job
- You can do the job better than any other candidate they will find
- You will fit in with the other people at the firm
Every exchange in the interview is an opportunity for you to sell those three points. And you need to be prepared to answer every question in a way that sells these points.
I can do this job …
Presumably, your resume gave the company some comfort that you can do the job, or you wouldn’t have made it through the recruiting process. Your task, therefore, is to amplify the knowledge, skills, and abilities that got you to the interview. Every answer you give has to reinforce this critical message: “I can do this job.”
… better than any other candidate.
Interviewing in competition means you have to differentiate yourself. Remember, the company doesn’t just want someone who can do the job, the want the person that can do the job best. So, every time you answer a question, you should be selling (that’s right, you’re still selling here!) the fact that you can do the job better than the person waiting outside the door: “I can do this job better than any other person you’ll be talking to.”
And, I’ll fit in, too!
You must accomplish two things here. First, you need to convey the image that you are the type of person that the interviewer can see him/herself working with for eight or twelve hours a day. No matter how well you can do the job, if the interviewer can’t imagine working by your side, they’re not going to hire you. Secondly, you need to
judge whether you think you’ll fir in with them. After all, you have to be able to work with the other members of the firm every day. So, you need to use the interview to get a feel for what the culture of the firm is. It is a must if you want to get hired; you have to be able to sell the feeling that not only will you do the job better than anyone else, but “I’ll fit in, too!”
- Preparing for the game: know the job, know yourself, and plan your attack
- Questions, questions, and more questions: some typical questions you’ll be asked and how to answer them the winning way
- Some Q & A’s about interviewing, including how to set them up, should you take notes, do thank you notes matter … all the little things you need to know
- See Schneider’s seminal work that addresses the processes by which firms select others into their place of work, and by which we choose which firms to work for. Interviews are a form of socialization that allows us to judge how similar we are to others in the job selection process, and to judge, as he puts it, how people make the place.
Schneider, B. (1987). The people make the place. Personnel Psychology, 40, 437-453.
Flip the switch for a random interview tip.
Listen to the interviewers question and pause slightly before you answer. It allows you to be sure you heard the whole question and provides you the opportunity to think about your answer. No extra points for blurting out the first thing that comes to your mind.